In multi-ethnic societies like nigeria and south africa, ethnic communities violently compete for property, rights, jobs, education, language, social amenities and good health care facilities in his study, okwudiba nnoli (1980) produced empirical examples linking socio-economic factors to ethnic conflict in nigeria. The growing incidence of ethno-religious crisis in nigeria is sufficiently worrisome to assert that the government that statutorily has responsibility for crisis management is not doing enough apparently, the government itself is generating crises directly by failing to appreciate the people's aspirations. Ethnic crisis in nigeria in the words of eleazu the people of nigeria are many and varied1 actually, a nation with a population of over 120 million people now and about 391 different ethnic groups2 with divergent socio-political, economic, cultural and religious backgrounds could be termed a nation of many and varied peoples.
Modern nigeria emerged through the merging of two british colonial territories in 1914 the amalgamation was an act of colonial convenience it occurred mainly because british colonizers desired a. Although the general presumption is that ethnic identity is a more prominent and stable source of identity in nigeria, some researchers have demonstrated that religion was more significant than ethnicity as a source of identity and conflict in nigeria (ruby and shah 2007 pew research center 2010 green 2011. Solutions to ethnic conflict in nigeria sensitisation sensitization: there should be workshops to sensitize and create awareness to the general public on the need for national unity and patriotism. The national question in nigeria is probably one of the most complicated in the world - with over 120 languages spoken, three main ethnic groups, none of which constitutes a majority of the population, and the religious divide between christians in the south and muslims in the north over the past.
The linkage between ethnic crises in nigeria in relation to how the integration of diverse ethnic groups in nigeria can be attained was the focus of this study the integration of nigeria is an issue at boiling point that needs to be urgently and collectively tackled by the nigerian government and. You can trace causes of ethnic conflict to amalgamation, religious differences, inequality, lack of transparent governance, long military incursion in government and lack of vision or nigerian dream, to mention but a few. Challenges, solutions to ethno - religious crises in nigeria by aguh chinyere peace and security elude nigeria from the evil machinations of the british in the amalgamation theory of 1914 where people of variegated beliefs and cultures were submerged together to satisfy british administrative conveniences. The paper highlights the nexus between federalism and ethnic violence it distinct ethnic groups like nigeria in all the crises inherent in a federal system of.
Ethnic and religious groups in nigeria that are difficult to manage second is the existence of political, social and economic hardships that often lead to alliances among ethnic and religious groups third is the difficulty in the democratisation of the nigerian society due to ethno. Nigeria, with africa's largest population and economy, is sensitive to foreign criticism and, understandably, keen to ensure that foreign support in addressing the crisis does not compromise its sovereignty. The crisis in bauchi was both inter-ethnic and inter-state there is thus a common characteristic of inter-ethnicity in all these clashes there is a religious coloration to the clashes in kaduna and jos.
The ombatse crisis in nigeria: background, recent developments and possible solutions cover page footnote references anton du plessis 2011 exploring the concept of identity in world politics. In post independent nigeria that was created without the appropriate political structure conducive to the socio-geopolitical situation of nigeria, the fear of the hausa people of northern nigeria of losing ethnic identity and the fear of another political domination by another social group have certainly contributed to political crises in. Ethnic and religious issues form part of the most recurring phenomena in nigeria's body politics the issue has permeated the nation's political land scape since the colonial period and up. Some nigerians believe that nigeria's current crises, conflicts and violence are politically, ethnically and economically induced and its solution must be rooted in these same social factors but the truth is, the political culture of nigeria is still primitive and undeveloped.
Home » news » religious, ethnic crisis rising in nigeria religious, ethnic crisis rising in nigeria - shehu sani speaks on solutions published on february 20, 2018 by fikayo olowolagba. 10 solutions to the inter ethnic crises and violence in nigeria by ifiokobong ibanga on may 31, 2018 @ifiokobongr in this post, i will identify and discuss the solution to inter ethnic crisis in nigeria. Proffered management strategies to the ethnic and religious crises in nigeria after casually touching on the causes of ethno-religious crises major ethno-religious crises like the jos.
It is of absolute necessity to note that nigeria is a country of multi-ethnic groups and built on religious pluralism this research work mainly aims at determining the solution to religious bigotry which is a mechanism for violence, conflict and crises. The major cause of ethnic crisis in nigeria is mostly because the sovereignty of these states has been trampled upon by the central government true federalism is the only solution for the nigerian social, economic and political problems. The analysis of ethno-religious conflict in nigeria that this paper proposes is guided by a general distinction made by sandole (as cited in cheldelin et al, 2008) about the progressive manifestation of conflict.
Solutions to inter ethnic conflict in nigeria the causes and solutions to ethnic conflicts scholars of international security have been trying to develop a theoretical approach to explain the causes of ethnic conflict for a long time. Nigeria was the world's tenth largest oil exporter the abundant oil reserves resulted in widespread exploitation the abundant oil reserves resulted in widespread exploitation the niger delta region encompasses about 8% of nigeria's landmass and is the largest wetlands region on the african continent. Wwwiosrjournalsorg 81 | page ethnicity and identity crisis: challenge to national integration in nigerian national integration and its challenges in nigeria our ethnic conundrum remains a major obstacle to the existence of a nigerian state since the transition from colonial to neo-colonial dependence and till present day branded democracy.